Written by Lahiru Fernando
24 Mar, 2017 | 7:21 pm
Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak returned home a free man after being freed from detention, six years after being overthrown. During those six years, Egypt witnessed major upheavals and rights activists saw their hopes scuttled that the autocrat would face justice for the deaths of hundreds who defied his rule.
The release is a new chapter in the life of a leader whose people rose up against him. His people demaded the end for a rule filled with corruption, economic inequities and reliance on feared security officials to keep its hold on power.
Mubarak left a military hospital in Cairo’s southern suburb of Maadi and went to his home in the northern suburb of Heliopolis under heavy security measures. The former President returned home with his two sons, Alaa and Gamal while his family united at his residence to celebrate his return.
Well, according to activists, Mubarak’s acquittal of killing protesters has confirmed long-held suspicions that his trial would never bring the justice they demanded.
Campaigners and activists also confirmed widely-held suspicions that their “revolution” had effectively been reversed by the government of President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.
Media figures loyal to the current president have relentlessly shot down the 2011 uprising as a ‘conspiracy’ and labelled those involved as ‘foreign agents who pose a threat to the country’s national security’.
Birth date: May 4, 1928
Education: Egyptian Military Academy, 1949; Air Force Academy, 1952, with additional training at the Frunze General Staff Academy (USSR), 1964
1952-1959 – Flight instructor at the Egyptian Air Force Academy.
1965-1967 – Commanded several Air Force bases.
1967-1969 – Commander of the Air Force Academy.
1969-1972 – Egyptian Air Force – Chief of Staff.
1972-1975 – Egyptian Air Force – Commander in Chief and Deputy Minister of War.
1973 – Lead an air campaign against Israel during the Yom Kippur War.
1974 – Promoted to the rank of Air Marshal – Egyptian Air Force.
1975-1981 – Vice president of Egypt, serving under President Anwar Sadat.
October 6, 1981 – Sadat assassinated by a group of Islamic fundamentalists during a military parade. Mubarak, standing next to Sadat, suffered an injury to his left hand.
October 14, 1981 – Mubarak sworn in as president of Egypt. He is later re-elected four times, serving as president for almost 30 years before stepping down in 2011.
June 26, 1995 – Survived an assassination attempt by an Al-Qaeda affiliated group.
September 6, 1999 – Survived an assassination attempt in Port Said, Egypt.
March 13, 2002 – Meets with US Vice President Dick Cheney and pledges to pressure Saddam Hussein into allowing the return of United Nations inspectors.
June 6-8, 2002 – Meets with US President George W. Bush in Washington to discuss the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and Mubarak’s peace plan.
March 13, 2006 – Meets with Pope Benedict XVI. They discuss Iraq, Iran and the prospects for Middle East peace.
May 28, 2006 – Hosts a summit with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert, in an effort to coordinate security measures along the border between Israel and Egypt.
June 17, 2006 – Meets with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and asks for renewed peace talks between Israel and Palestine.
June 2007 – Held a summit meeting with King Abdullah II of Jordan, President Mahmoud Abbas of Palestine and Prime Minister Olmert of Israel.
August 18, 2009 – Meets in Washington with President Barack Obama to discuss the process of peace in the Middle East.
January 2011 – Inspired by street protests in Tunisia, activists in Cairo gather in Tahrir Square to demonstrate against corruption and inequality. The protesters call on Mubarak to resign.
February 11, 2011 – Steps down as president.
May 24, 2011 – Mubarak is charged with ordering the deaths of protesters. According to Amnesty International, more than 800 people were killed as the government cracked down on protesters. Mubarak also faces corruption charges.
August 3, 2011 – Mubarak’s trial begins.
June 2, 2012 – Mubarak is found guilty of complicity in the deaths of protestors. Instead of getting the death penalty, he is
sentenced to life in prison. The main trial judge says prosecutors did not make a strong enough case that Mubarak directly ordered the killing of civilians so he does not receive a death sentence.
January 13, 2013 – Mubarak’s conviction is overturned in appeals court and he is granted a new trial.
May 11, 2013 – Mubarak’s retrial for the deaths of protestors begins.
May 21, 2014 – In a separate trial, Mubarak is found guilty of embezzling millions of dollars intended to fund renovations of presidential palaces. He is sentenced to three years in prison.
November 29, 2014 – A judge dismisses the charges against Mubarak for the deaths of demonstrators. He is also found not guilty of corruption.
June 4, 2015 – Egyptian state media reports that Mubarak will face a third trial for his role in the deaths of protesters. The court sets November 5, 2015 as the date of the new trial.
March 2, 2017 – Egypt’s highest criminal court, the Court of Cessation, acquits Muarak of charges that he was complicit in the deaths of protesters in 2011. The verdict is final, setting the stage for Mubarak to leave the military hospital where he’s been held since 2012.
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