Written by Staff Writer
10 Oct, 2016 | 12:17 pm
Today marks the 16th death anniversary of late Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike. Sirimavo Bandaranaike was born on April 17, 1916.
On 3 October, 1940 Sirimavo married Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike.
Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka and the first female Prime Minister of the world on July 21, 1960 following the demise of her husband, Prime Minister S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike.
She entered the books of history as the first female Prime Minister of the world attending the Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference in March 1961.
Sirimavo Bandaranaike served as the Prime Minister on three instances from 1960 to 1965, from 1970 to 1977 from 1994 to the year 2000.
Under her leadership, steps were taken to remove the colonial status of Sri Lanka and make Sri Lanka a republic.
Sirimavo Bandaranaike was highly nationalistic and took bold steps to nationalize the oil industry, fee levying schools, the insurance and other key sectors in which the monopoly was held by foreign countries and foreign organisations. She was also responsible for establishing many industries and state institutions to play key roles of the state sector.
Madam Bandaranaike was instrumental in launching an industrial revolution and under this measure, established many industries in the fields of rubber, steel, sugar and textile.
She was successful in sending back around 300,000 Indian nationals who were in Sri Lanka as stateless citizens under the historical Sirima-Shastri pact. She is also credited with legally acquiring Katchchativu as a territory of Sri Lanka.
After four decades of success in the political arena, Srimavo Bandaranaike who remained loyal to the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, throughout her career, breathed her last on October 10, 2000 a few minutes after she was admitted to a private hospital.
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