North Korea nuclear crisis: Kim Jong-un ‘begging for war’

North Korea nuclear crisis: Kim Jong-un ‘begging for war’

North Korea nuclear crisis: Kim Jong-un ‘begging for war’

Written by Ranee Mohamed

05 Sep, 2017 | 8:40 am

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is “begging for war” with his latest and most powerful nuclear bomb test, the US envoy to the United Nations has said. Nikki Haley told an emergency meeting of the Security Council in New York that America did not want a war but its patience was “not unlimited”.

The US will table a new UN resolution shortly to toughen sanctions.China, the North’s main ally, has called for a return to negotiations and Switzerland has offered to mediate.

South Korea carried out live-fire exercises on Monday, simulating an attack on the North’s nuclear test site.Reports suggest the North is preparing new test missile launches.

On Sunday, it tested a bomb underground, which was thought to have a power range from 50 kilotonnes to 120 kilotonnes. A 50kt device would be about three times the size of the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima in 1945.

In other developments:

  • German Chancellor Angela Merkel said she would press for tougher EU sanctions on North Korea, agreeing with US President Donald Trump by phone on the need for stricter measures
  • Japan is planning, in the event of war, for a mass evacuation of nearly 60,000 Japanese citizens currently living in or visiting South Korea, Nikkei Asian Review reports

‘Time for dialogue’

Ms Haley argued that only the strongest sanctions would enable the problem to be resolved through diplomacy.

“War is never something the United States wants,” she said. “We don’t want it now but our country’s patience is not unlimited.”

China’s envoy to the UN, Liu Jieyi, reiterated a call for all sides to return to negotiations.

“The peninsula issue must be resolved peacefully,” he said. “China will never allow chaos and war on the peninsula.”

Speaking in Berne, Swiss President Doris Leuthard pointed to her country and Sweden’s long record in neutral and discreet diplomacy.

“I think it really is time for dialogue,” she said. “We are ready to offer our role for good services as a mediator. I think in the upcoming weeks a lot will depend on how the US and China can have an influence in this crisis.”


What happens next?

By Jonathan Marcus, BBC defence and diplomatic correspondent

China is key but it is a conflicted party. On the one hand it does not want to see a nuclear-armed North Korea and it has made its view clear to Pyongyang on many occasions.

However, it does not want to see the North Korean regime swept away. This would result in millions of refugees flooding into China and would probably result in a unified Korea very much in the US orbit. This is seen in Beijing as worse than having a difficult nuclear neighbour.

If China were to take the view that the coincidence of a rapidly advancing North Korean nuclear programme and the uncertainties of the Trump administration’s diplomatic capabilities means that there is a very real risk of misunderstanding and catastrophe, then maybe it might bring much greater pressure to bear on Pyongyang.

North Korea is a very isolated country and China is both its major ally and economic prop. There is a lot more that China can do. North Korea’s recent testing has been as much an embarrassment to China as it has angered the US. But the Chinese have a difficult diplomatic calculation to make.

-BBC

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